coyotes can thrive in close proximity to humans in a variety of habitats. Make your property less attractive to coyotes by following these tips.
Feed the coyotes
Keep the wildlife out! Never deliberately feed coyotes to attract them to your property. Feeding, whether direct or indirect, can cause coyotes to tame and can lead to bold behavior. Coyotes that depend on natural foods remain feral and suspicious of humans. Don’t forget to share these tips with your neighbors; your efforts will be wasted if neighbors provide food or shelter or don’t act boldly towards the coyotes.
Secure your waste
Coyotes attack open garbage and compost piles. Secure your waste in strong plastic containers with tight-fitting lids and keep them in secure buildings when possible. Take out the trash when morning collection is scheduled, not the night before. Store compost in secure, ventilated containers and keep barbecue grills clean to reduce attractive smells.
Keep bird feeders clean
Use feeders designed to keep seed off the ground and clean up spilled seed daily, as bird seed attracts many small mammals that coyotes prey on. Remove feeders if coyotes are regularly seen in your yard.
Protect produce and livestock
Remove fallen fruit around fruit trees. Use fences to protect livestock from coyotes. Coyotes can jump over or dig under poorly constructed fences. The fence should be at least 6 feet tall and extend into the ground. You can also install PVC pipe that is free to run around a taut wire at the top of the fence or have a fence wire overhanging outward to make it harder for the coyote to grab and climb over the fence. .
Feeding Pets Indoors
Outdoor feeding can attract many wild animals.
• Elimination of shelters for coyotes
• Close crawl spaces
• Coyotes will use areas under porches and shelters to rest and raise their young. Close off these areas to prevent animals from using them.
Cut bushy edges
Be sure to keep the brushy edges of your yard trimmed, as these areas provide shelter for coyotes and their prey.
Protecting Pets From Coyotes
Although free-ranging pets are more likely to be killed by automobiles than by wild animals, coyotes view cats and small dogs as potential food and large dogs as competitors. For the safety of your pets, keep them on a leash and under your supervision at all times. Also consider feeding your pets indoors to avoid attracting wildlife.
The mere presence of a coyote is not cause for concern, as coyotes are naturally afraid of people. Help keep coyotes wild by scaring or threatening coyotes in your yard with loud noises, bright lights or water spray from a hose. Coyotes that have become addicted to human-associated food may become habituated and display bold behavior towards people. A habituated coyote:
• Does not run away when harassed or chased.
• Approach animals on a leash.
• Approach and follow people.
If there is an immediate threat to human safety, MassWildlife, Animal Control Officers, Law Enforcement and Environmental Police have the authority to respond and dispatch the animal as stated in the Code of Massachusetts Regulations (CMR) 2.14 which relate to the handling of problem animals. . This includes animals showing obvious signs of rabies. If possible, MassWildlife should first be contacted to authorize the lethal harvest of a coyote.